Name: Mya Washam

Topic: Corporal Punishment

Specific Purpose: To inform the audience about the negative effects of corporal punishment on children and introduce alternative methods of discipline

Central Idea: Corporal punishment is an outdated and harmful method of disciplining children

Corporal Punishment: The Negative Effects of a Tried and True Practice

Introduction

I. Corporal Punishment is a form of physical discipline that includes spanking and hitting.

  1. Many parents use corporal punishment to discipline their children
  2. It is a social norm in America and has been for a ages.
  3. But Corporal punishment can create lasting emotional trauma.

II. My parents never physically punished me as a child.

  1. Instead when I misbehaved my mother took me aside and talked to me.
  2. I believe this has made me much more able to convey my feelings and understand them and is why I am so against corporal punishment.
  3. I have written several essays in my academic career about the effects of corporal punishment.

III. Not only do I believe that my opinion is correct, but it is supported by several studies.

  1. Hitting a spouse or stranger is considered a crime of physical assault, so why is it okay on children?
  2. Along with the help of years of research I hope to convince you that you should never hit children.

Body

  1. Beyond physical pain hitting can cause long-lasting anxiety, social withdrawal, and depression.
  1. According to the American Psychological Association spanking your children could also lead to increased aggression in later years as this was how they were taught to deal with issues.
  2. Many pediatricians have often had to discuss with the parents of children who act out about physical discipline.
  3. There is most always a correlation between violent children and the parents using physical punishment.

II. In an article written in the New York Times by Perri Klass, a licensed pediatrician, she tells her experiences with unruly children.

  1. Her first experience with parents physically punishing their children at the office.
  2. She has always told parents not to hit their children as the The American Academy of Pediatrics officially recommends against corporal punishment.
  3. The reason for this is because they believe that evidence most often shows that it is an ineffective method and puts children at risk for bad behaviour.

III. A recent survey done by the non-profit organization Zero to Three about discipline.

  1. In a sample of 2,200 parents with children from birth to five years of age were asked which discipline strategies they used.
  2. Twenty six percent of parents reported that they swat their children, twenty one percent spanked, and seventeen percent used an object to hit their children.
  3. Even though a combined sixty four percent of parents reported using physical discipline most said that it was not effective and thirty percent of them even agreed with the statement, “I spank even though I don’t feel O.K. about it.

IV. So why is it so normalized?

  1. In Several Countries it is banned.
  2. What is different about the U.S. is that it is seen so often in media as well as in church.
  3. These are all used to make spanking children seem okay.

V. The American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry does not support the use of corporal punishment on children.

  1. Research conducted by the academy presents that although it may present immediate behaviour change it’s long-lasting effects are negative.
  2. List of the negative effects.
  3. United Nations opinion on corporal punishment.

VI. Child of Rage: Beth Thomas, a documentary from CBS

  1. Who is Beth Thomas?
  2. What caused her rage?
  3. Hopefully cases like this can be prevented.

VII. Benefits and examples of non-physical discipline.

A. An article from Very-well Family states alternative methods other than spanking

B. List of alternative disciplines from an article in VeryWell Family.

C. Emory University school of Medicine explanation of why these methods are better.

VIII. Summarization of information given.

A. Whether or not you choose to have children keep these ideas in mind.

B. Create a safe environment for children to feel comfort expressing their feelings.

C. In order to accomplish this never physically discipline them.

Works Cited

Waters, Rob. “Beyond physical pain or injury, hitting children can cause long-lasting anxiety, social withdrawal and severe depression.” Corporal Punishment and Trauma, HealthyDay, 20 Jan. 2018, consumer.healthday.com/encyclopedia/children-s-health-10/child-development-news-124/corporal-punishment-and-trauma-644895.html. Accessed 14 Nov. 2018.

Smith, Brendan L. “The Case Against Spanking.” American Psychological Association, Apr. 2012, www.apa.org/monitor/2012/04/spanking.aspx. Accessed 27 Nov. 2018.

“National Parent Survey Report.” ZERO to THREE, 6 June 2016, www.zerotothree.org/resources/1425-national-parent-survey-report. Accessed 27 Nov. 2018.

“Corproal Punishment.” American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry , 30 July 2012. Accessed 27 Nov. 2018.

Morin, Amy. “8 Ways to Discipline Your Child Without Spanking.” Discipline, Verywell Family, 25 Sept. 2018, www.verywellfamily.com/alternatives-to-spanking-1094834. Accessed 16 Nov. 2018.

Carter, Sheena. “Alternatives to Physical Punishment.” Emory University School of Medcine, 2001, www.pediatrics.emory.edu/divisions/neonatology/dpc/alternat.html. Accessed 27 Nov. 2018.

Hollinger, Paul C. “Physical Punishment—and Violence.” Psychology Today, 31 Aug. 2015, www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/great-kids-great-parents/201508/physical-punishment-and-violence. Accessed 26 Nov. 2018.

Tabor, James D. “Spanking Children: Does the Bible Tell Me So?.” , HUFFPOST, 26 Sept. 2014, www.huffingtonpost.com/james-d-tabor/spanking-children-does-th_b_5888520.html. Accessed 28 Nov. 2018.