For my march along with my two dimensional design class I presented on balance in design. Below are my slides along with my notes.



balance refers to the distribution of weight or force within a composition. balance in a piece shifts each time an element is added or subtracted.

visual weight

refers to importance of a visual element within a design. forces that most influence visual weight are size, value, shape, texture, location, and orientation. shapes of darker value or texture tend to be heavier than empty shapes.

shapes that extend beyond upper edge rise and make the figures appear taller. orientation also effect. vertical= tall horizontal= stable diagonal= dynamic.

symmetrical balance

occurs when shapes are mirrored on an axis. symmetrically balanced pieces are most aesthetically pleasing as humans long for equilibrium. symmetry communicates calm and stability.

approximate symmetry

when similar images are on either side of an axis but not perfectly the same

radial symmetry

lines and shapes are mirrored vertically and horizontally with the center as the focal pint. a variant is using a spiral. a spiral increases energy and pulls action into center.

asymmetrical balance

creates equilibrium among visual element that don’t mirror. four strong ways to balance elements.

  • large shape in center small shape further away
  • multiple smaller shapes same distance from one large shape
  • solid vs empty shape
  • textured vs empty shape